The MAAS CLI can do everything that the web UI can do, and more. The CLI uses
maas command exclusively which, in turn, connects to the API.
This page explains what is needed to get going with the CLI. Tasks are then separated into common, image management, DHCP snippet management, and advanced.
Note that we do not provide complete coverage of the MAAS CLI. For an exhaustive treatment, see the API documentation.
Values are represented as uppercase variables preceded with the '$' character (e.g. $PROFILE and $EMAIL_ADDRESS). These are to be replaced with actual values.
MAAS requires an initial administrator, sometimes called a MAAS "superuser". When the web UI is accessed for the first time you will be prompted to create this user:
sudo maas createadmin --username=$PROFILE --email=$EMAIL_ADDRESS
Extra administrators can be created in the same way. See here for creating regular users with the CLI.
To use the CLI you must first log in to the API server (region controller).
You will need the API key that was generated when your MAAS account was created. To obtain it, run this command on the region controller (i.e. where the 'maas-region-controller' package was installed):
sudo maas-region apikey --username=$PROFILE > $API_KEY_FILE
Note: A user's API key can also be obtained from the web interface. Click on 'username' in the top right corner, and select 'Account'.
Log in. You will be prompted for the API key:
maas login $PROFILE $API_SERVER
For example, to log in with the account whose username is 'admin' and where the region controller is on the localhost:
maas login admin http://localhost:5240/MAAS/api/2.0
To log in by referring to the API key file created earlier:
maas login $PROFILE $API_SERVER - < $API_KEY_FILE
To access command help:
maas $PROFILE -h
maas $PROFILE tags -h maas $PROFILE tags read -h
Once you are done with the CLI you can log out from the given profile, flushing the stored credentials.
maas logout $PROFILE
To continue with the CLI, explore the following areas: